Physiotherapy is a science-based health care profession which emphasizes the use of physical approaches in the promotion, maintenance and restoration of an individual's physical, psychological and social well-being and takes into account an individual's variations in health status. A distinctive feature of physiotherapy practice is the ability of individual practitioners to use manual therapy, therapeutic exercise and electro-physical therapy in an integrative manner to optimize an individual's functional ability and potential.
Physiotherapy is an autonomous profession and practice is characterized by reflective behavior and systematic clinical reasoning, both contributing to and underpinning a problem-solving approach to patient-centered care. Physiotherapy practice is supported and influenced by evidence of clinical effectiveness and practitioners may work independently or as members of the health care team.
In the assessment, management and evaluation of an individual's needs, physiotherapists take account of the current physical, psychological, cultural and social factors and their influence on the individual's functional ability. Practice also takes into account the needs and perspectives of careers and other health care professionals in order to provide a coherent and holistic approach that maximizes independence and function.