Bachelor of Science in Chemistry

Faculty of Science  

Course Description

CHEM 110 Industrial Chemistry Laboratory I (Cr. 1)
This course introduces students to the properties and pollutants of water, analyzing and purifying water, preparation of gases and making tests, extraction and making fragrances.
Co-requisite: CHEM 251

CHEM 111 Industrial Chemistry Laboratory II (Cr. 1)
This laboratory course introduces students to the kinds of operations that occur in a commercial chemical laboratory.   Students learn the principal techniques of industrial chemistry in making cosmetic products such as shampoos, creams, lotions, gels, cleansers, and natural adhesives. Visiting factories is scheduled during the course for observation.
Co-requisite: CHEM 252

CHEM 113  General Chemistry Laboratory (Cr. 1)
This course provides practical experience necessary to understand and appreciate better the information presented in the lectures and text of CHEM131. It acquaints students with several quantitative techniques in addition to basic qualitative analysis.
Co-requisite: CHEM 131

CHEM 114  General Chemistry Laboratory (Cr. 1)
The course complements CHEM 132 in providing the practical experience to understand well the theoretical lecture. It is a continuation to CHEM 113.
Prerequisite: CHEM 113

CHEM 115 Detergent Chemistry Laboratory I (Cr. 1)
This laboratory course introduces students to the kinds of operations that occur in a commercial chemical laboratory.  Students learn the principal techniques of industrial chemistry in making detergent products such as liquid, powder, paste and gel detergents, disinfectants, and alkaline metal cleaners. Visiting factories is scheduled during the course.
Co-requisite: CHEM 351

CHEM 116 Detergent Chemistry Laboratory II (Cr. 1)
This course is a continuation of CHEM 115 which concentrates on the preparation of toilet and bar soaps, hand liquid soap, determination of iodine and saponification values of oils.  Students analyze a commercial detergent at the end of the course.
Co-requisite: CHEM 352

CHEM 117 Polymer Chemistry Laboratory I (Cr. 1)
Students learn how to prepare and test some kinds of polymers, such as Lucite urea-formaldehyde, rayon, nylon, PVA and their properties. Concerning waste disposal, considerable attention is paid to the question of safe operation and safe disposal of wastes. 
Co-requisite: CHEM 361

CHEM 118 Polymer Chemistry Laboratory II  (Cr. 1)
This course is a continuation of Chem 117 which concentrates on the preparation of natural adhesives, rubber, animal glue and glyptal resins as well as  some properties and physical tests.
Co-requisite: CHEM 362

CHEM 119 Pharmaceutical Chemistry Laboratory I (Cr. 1)
This laboratory course introduces students to the kinds of operations that occur in a commercial chemical laboratory.  Students learn the principal techniques of making common drugs, such as aspirin, lidocaine, sulfanilamide and acetaminophen, identification of drugs and analysis of commercial drugs.
Co-requisite: CHEM 371

CHEM 120 Pharmaceutical Chemistry Laboratory II (Cr. 1)
This course is a continuation of Chem. 119 which concentrates on the preparation of drugs and instrumental analyses and tests.
Co-requisite: CHEM 372

CHEM 121  Introductory Chemistry (Cr. 3)
A course for Nursing students which requires no previous study of chemistry. It covers the basics of the atomic theory, chemical arithmetic, properties of solutions and gases, and chemical bonding, basic organic and biochemistry.

CHEM 131  General Chemistry I (Cr. 3)
An introductory course that covers the electronic structure of atoms, basic chemical laws calculations, stoichiometry, bonding, phase studies, and periodic trends.

CHEM 132  General Chemistry II (Cr. 3)
The course completes CHEM 131 and concentrates on gases and gas laws, solutions thermodynamics, kinetics, equilibria, acids, bases, and redox reactions. The chemistry of some representative elements and a few selected topics are also presented.
Prerequisite: CHEM 131

CHEM 221  Organic Chemistry Laboratory I (Cr. 1)
This course will concentrate on safety and laboratory techniques of organic chemistry (melting and boiling points, distillation, extraction, T.L.C, crystallization & purification). Included in the course are preparations of such compounds as acetanilide, n-butyl bromide, hydrocarbons, alcohols, aspirin.
Co-requisite: CHEM 231

CHEM 224  Organic Chemistry Laboratory II (Cr. 1)
A continuation of CHEM 221 Laboratory course. Included in this course is an array of organic reactions, substitutions and synthesis reactions such as nitration of aromatic compounds, alkyl halides, aldehydes and ketones, esters, aniline, p-nitrophenol, kinetics.
Co-requisite: CHEM 232

CHEM 230  Organic Chemistry I/ for Biology students  (Cr. 3)
This course is adapted to Biology majors only. The course will cover several important topics in the field of Organic Chemistry with biological interest, and it will deal with :Representative carbon compounds, Acids and Bases, Alkanes and cycloalkanes, Stereochemistry, Alkenes and Alkynes, Alkyl halides, Aromatic compounds, reaction mechanisms, Alcohols and ethers, Nitro and amino compounds, Alcohols, Aldehydes and ketones, Carboxylic acids, Amino acids, carbohydrates and their applications.
Prerequisite: CHEM 132

CHEM 231  Organic Chemistry I (Cr. 3)
The course includes a relatively detailed study of organic structures and mechanisms as applied to alkanes, alkenes, alkynes, and alicyclic compounds, as well as stereochemistry and resonance.
Prerequisite: CHEM 132

CHEM 232  Organic Chemistry II (Cr. 3)
This course covers aromatic compounds and their reactions, carboxylic acids and their derivatives, aldehydes, ketones, alcohols, ethers and amines, as well as spectroscopy.
Prerequisite: CHEM 231

CHEM 251 Industrial Chemistry I (Cr. 2)
This course covers the following: survey of factory organizations, water resources & treatment, energy resources, important gases, inorganic chemical industries, steel manufacture, ceramics, glasses and cement.

CHEM 252 Industrial Chemistry II (Cr. 2)
This is a continuation of Chem. 251. The course involves the study of surface active agents as to chemical structure, as well as  crude oils and gas, dyes (natural & synthesis), perfumes, fragrances include types, natural, semi natural and synthetic ones, agrochemicals, petroleum resources & refining, the concept of HLB (hydrophilic-lipophilic balance).
Prerequisite: CHEM 251

CHEM 313  Analytical Chemistry Theory (Cr. 3)
This course involves the study of chemistry in solution. It deals with the gravimetric, volumetric theories and techniques as well as acid base, oxidation-reduction, compleximetry, precipitation and titration. It also covers some spectrophotometric and instrumental theory.
Prerequisite: CHEM 132

CHEM 315  Analytical Chemistry Laboratory I (Cr. 1)
This lab course stresses quantitative measurements in chemistry. It emphasizes a variety of instrumental methods used in modern laboratories. Theoretical treatment of various techniques and principles are also covered.
Prerequisite: CHEM 313

CHEM 317  Physical Chemistry Laboratory I (Cr. 1)
Quantitative instrumental methods in physical chemistry; kinetics, vacuum technology and spectroscopy are treated in this course.
Prerequisite: CHEM 331

CHEM 318  Inorganic Chemistry Laboratory I (Cr. 1)
Synthetic techniques in inorganic chemistry are covered.
Prerequisite: CHEM 335

CHEM 319  Physical Chemistry Laboratory II (Cr. 1)
This course is a continuation of CHEM 317. A wider range of physical chemistry experiments is offered.
Prerequisite: CHEM 317, 331, 332

CHEM 324  Identification of Organic Compounds (Cr. 2)
This course is designed for qualitative identification of organic compounds and mixtures with emphasis on techniques of separation, purification, chemical and spectral identification.
Prerequisite: CHEM 232, 224

CHEM 326  Analytical Chemistry Laboratory II (Cr. 1)
The course is a continuation of CHEM 315.
Prerequisite: CHEM 315

CHEM 331  Physical Chemistry I (Cr. 3)
This course involves the study of gases, distribution laws, thermodynamics and phase equilibria. It emphasizes derivations and mathematical rigor.
Prerequisite: CHEM 232¸ MATH 142, PHYS 132

CHEM 332  Physical Chemistry II (Cr. 3)
The course includes the concepts of probability and kinetics in chemical reactions, photochemical and electrochemical reactions, and surface catalysis.
Prerequisite: CHEM 331

CHEM 335  Inorganic Chemistry I (Cr. 3)
The course includes studies of quantum mechanics, atomic and molecular structures, ionic compounds, covalent compounds, molecular orbital theory, acid-base theory, non-aqueous solvents, inorganic thermodynamics, electrochemistry, and a survey of chemical forces.
Prerequisite: CHEM 337

CHEM 336  Inorganic Chemistry II (Cr. 3)
This course emphasizes coordination chemistry, transition elements, and other selected groups from the periodic table, especially the halogens, active metals, boron and silicon chemistry.
Prerequisite: CHEM 335

CHEM 337  Quantum Chemistry (Cr. 3)
This course is an introduction to modern concepts of atomic structure and chemical bonding. Quantum mechanical theory and its application to spectroscopy are covered.
Prerequisite: CHEM 232, Recommended: MATH 241

CHEM 351 Detergents Chemistry I (Cr. 2)
The first part of the course includes a detailed study of raw materials as to: sources, chemistry, detergency, micelle theory, types of detergents, methods of preparation, types of surfactants and their applications, types of soaps and shampoos, types of cleansers. Additives, preservatives, thickening agents, colorants and perfumes are also studied.
Prerequisite: CHEM 251, 252

CHEM 352 Detergents Chemistry II (Cr. 2)
This phase of the study involves a detailed study of raw materials, especially olive oil, coconut oil, linseed oil, cottonseed oil, palm oil and neat foot oil and their chemistry and applications. Soap bars are studied with reference to local manufacturing of soap bars such as locally made soap (Aljamal-Nablus) and licensed manufactured FA soap bars. Synthetic detergents concentrate on the detailed manufacture of linear alkyl-benzene sulfonates and their applications. Methodologies such as the spray dry method to produce powders are presented. Heavy duty as well as industrial, automotive and machine-based detergents is also presented.
Prerequisite: CHEM 351

CHEM 361 Polymer Chemistry I (Cr. 2)
This course offers the basic theory of polymer study including, polymerization theory (stepwise condensation and addition polymers, copolymerization which includes random, block and graft copolymerization), stereo specific polymers, polymer types and applications. Chemical structure and methods of monomers and polymers preparation are considered.

CHEM 362  Polymer Chemistry II (Cr. 2)
This phase of the polymer study includes the study of the manufacture of plastics and rubber (i.e. synthetic and natural rubber). The technologies involve applications in tire industries, inner tube industries, elastomers, and rubber tubing. Adhesives include the study of: natural adhesives of plant and animal origin such as starch, synthetic adhesives based on polyvinyl acetate polymers (Polybond), nitrocellulose, or rubber polymers (ago).
Prerequisite: CHEM 361

CHEM 371 Pharmaceutical Chemistry I (Cr. 2)
The basic chemistry of drugs includes typical synthetic approaches, which include oxidation, reduction, cyclization, and condensation reactions. Typical examples are the preparation of aspirin, penicillin, and some drugs extracted from plants such as digitalis. Types of drugs are presented which include analgesics, and antipyretics, cardio-vascular drugs, pulmonary drugs, antibiotic drugs, and nervous system drugs.

CHEM 372 Pharmaceutical Chemistry II   (Cr. 2)
This is an advanced course that includes the detailed study of drug-receptor, drug-drug and drug excipients interactions. The analytical and physical tests of finished pharmaceutical dosage forms are thoroughly discussed. Antibacterial   agents such as penicillin and Cephalosporins as well as recently developed antibiotics are also mentioned. 
Prerequisite: CHEM 371

CHEM 389  Senior Seminar in Chemistry, (Cr. 1)
Selected topics in chemistry or related sciences are presented by senior students. It involves intensive research study on a particular subject under the direction and guidance of a faculty member. Students may present practical applications as well. The student's involvement, discussion, participation and responses to questions are an integral part of the seminar.

CHEM 391 Spectrometric Identification of Organic Compounds (Cr. 3)
This course is designed for quantitative identification of organic compounds with emphasis on the spectrometric techniques of proton magnetic resonance, C-13 magnetic resonance, infrared spectroscopy, mass spectroscopy and ultraviolet spectroscopy.
Prerequisite: CHEM 232

CHEM 421  Organic Chemistry III (Cr. 3)
Special topics in organic chemistry are introduced.
Prerequisite: CHEM 232

CHEM 424  Introduction to Organic Synthesis (Cr. 2)
This course includes the chemistry and synthesis of oxygen, nitrogen, and sulfur compounds.
Prerequisite: CHEM 232.

CHEM 427  Technical Analysis (Cr. 2)
This is a laboratory course that introduces students to industrial quality control and testing of various products, e.g. cloth, wines, oil, milk, etc.
Prerequisite: CHEM 224, 232

CHEM 431 Food Chemistry and Technology (Cr. 3)
This course covers the main components of food, i.e. Carbohydrates, Proteins, Fats, Vitamins, colors and flavors. The updated know-how technique in making, preserving and flavor additives for food and its effect on its components, compositions and their changes with time for the taste, color and the public health prevention are considered.

CHEM 497  Environmental Chemistry (Cr. 3)
This course is an introduction to environmental chemistry, related problems of the environment, study of water analysis and purity, soil analysis, air pollution and its causes, and treatment of pollutants. The course also includes analytical methods for pollutants and pesticides.

CHEM 498  Chemical Literature (Cr. 1)
This course introduces a variety of publications involved with chemical research, and the use of chemical abstracts and other such sources. The course also includes readings and presentations by the students of recent papers from the original literature.

CHEM 499  Special Topics in Chemistry (Cr. 2)
This is a course covering a wide range of topics of interest. 
Prerequisite: Consent of instructor.

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Bethlehem University Foundation
Phone: +1-202-526-6097
Fax: +1-202-526-6096
Washington, DC USA
Bethlehem University in the Holy Land
Phone: +972-2-274-1241
Fax: +972-2-274-4440
Bethlehem, Palestine

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