Faculty of Arts


Department of Humanities



Course Description


ANTH301 - Anthropology of Religion - 3 credits

This course will define religion, its components, structure, and its role in human civilizations, beginning with the “primitive” religions and moving on to more evolved and structured religions that arose; in addition to giving unique insight into the various theories in the field of anthropology of religion. Students will learn about fetishism, totemism, animism, shamanism, magic, ancestral worship, myths, rituals, sacrifice and pre-historic religions as well as modern religions. Students are expected to harbor a more in-depth understanding of the similarities and differences among religions and the relationship between religion and the socio-cultural, economic, and political elements of society; as well as the effects of religion on human behavior and religion’s importance in the creation of meaning and goal in the lives of humans.

ARTI101 - Art Appreciation - 2 credits

This course will examine the schools of Modern Art (1780-1917), starting with the classical and ending with the abstract expressionist school, by presenting and analyzing works of art from these schools, in addition to biographies of the artists. Students will become aware of Art and its relationship to the foundations of aesthetics, and their role in art appreciation.

ARTS110 - Creative Arts - 2 credits

Creative activities include collage, mask making, printing techniques, individual and group projects using paint and crayons. Activities are analyzed for their physical, cognitive and emotional properties. The adaptation and structuring of activities to meet the needs of people with physical, developmental and emotional difficulties are discussed.

ARTS111 - Applied Art Work: Drawing - 3 credits

This course provides practical supervised training in pencil and charcoal drawing. To help develop an artistic taste and vision, students are introduced to art appreciation and aesthetics. This is followed by step-by-step theoretical and practical instruction in the fundamentals of drawing and the proper use of pencil and charcoal.

CINE101 - Film Appreciation - 2 credits

Cinematography is the language of the modern world and to comprehend this international lingua franca one must understand its building blocks. The Cinema course delves, therefore, into the language of film by analyzing the components and elements within films and the role these aspects play in expressing cinematic art. Students will analyze and study various shots involving different sizes, angles, lighting, medium and mise en scene as well as space, closed and open forms, composition, frame structure and editing in order to more thoroughly comprehend cinema and its various schools. Students will also study the traditions of documentary film.

GEOG211 - Introduction to Physical & Human Geography - 3 credits

This course will look at and analyze schools of geographic philosophy, the origin of the universe, the solar system, the earth, its dimensions and location in relation to other planets, the atmosphere, climate, weather and its impact on earth’s crust, modern international population migration, human racial diversity and major demographic characteristics of the world’s population.

GEOG223 - Economic Geography - 2 credits

Research methods of economic geography, global economic blocks, and the factors that influence the formation of global agricultural and animal products such as energy, mining, chemical industrial distribution; their key components of modern global transportation systems and tourism will be studied and analyzed.
Pre Requisite: GEOG211

GEOG311 - Historical & Political Geography - 2 credits

The study and analysis of research methods of both historical and political geography, the geography of Pleistocene, the impact of succession of warm and ice ages, ancient human migration, global language and the evolution of writing, the role of geographic location, human and natural resources in deciding the power of the state, the borders between political states, vital space and national security, and modern geopolitical and geostrategic problems will all be addressed.
Pre Requisite: GEOG211

GEOG322 - Geography of the Arab World - 3 credits

A short review of physical, human, economic and cultural geography of the Arab world. This includes the recognition of sites, and their geological structure, the terrain, climate, soil, plants, water resources, conditions of population groups and the economic activities in various countries. We will study and analyze the main geographical challenges facing the Arab world such as desertification, population growth, food and water security and urbanization
Pre Requisite: GEOG311

GEOG411 - Geography of Palestine - 3 credits

A study and analysis of ancient human settlement in Palestine, the origin of site names, the evolution of borders throughout history, physical and geological features of various reliefs, climate, water resources, soils and native plants, Israeli settlements and the destruction of Palestinian villages and sites. The demographic characteristics of the Palestinian population in the West Bank and Gaza Strip, agricultural products of the West Bank and Gaza Strip, tourism, and reading and analyzing maps of Palestine
Pre Requisite: GEOG322

HIST120 - Modern & Contemporary History of Palestine - 3 credits

This is an introductory survey of modern and contemporary socio-economic and political history of Palestine from the Western incursions to Palestine from the nineteenth century up to the present. This study includes Zionist ideology and Jewish immigration to Palestine, the British Mandate, the rise of the Palestinian national movement, al-Nakbeh, the refugee problem, the establishment of the PLO, the first and the second intifadas and Oslo agreements.

HIST200 - Introduction to History - 3 credits

A course focusing on the study and development of history as a discipline and its relationship to other disciplines, as well as the evolution of historical research and historical writing in different historical eras. The study of how to write and publish historical texts will be emphasized. The origin and evolution of Arab and Islamic historiography will also be reviewed. Different narratives that are used in writing Palestinian history and the ideological impacts that have affected it will be also discussed.
Pre Requisite: HIST120

HIST201 - Prehistory - 3 credits

The prehistory course begins with life 2.5 million years ago and concludes with the formation of the city-state at the end of the 4th millennium BC. Students will study this period and the underlying developments accompanying. During this time frame human beings or Homo Sapiens evolved and major racial groups and linguistic families were also firmly established. As well, the dawn of religious beliefs, art, the agricultural revolution, and the resulting domestication of plants and animals, the establishment of the first city, the discovery of copper and the birth of nomadism, with its ties to cattle ranching, will all be explored by students.
Pre Requisite: HIST200

HIST302 - History of the Ancient Near East - 3 credits

This course covers the history of the Ancient Near East, beginning with the dawn of civilization and progressing to the early periods of the early civilizations of Egypt, Mesopotamia and the Levant, including the history of Palestine in the Classical Era. The course will highlight the importance of cultural achievements surrounding that era as well as touch upon complications that exist when studying the ancient history of Palestine as a result of different religious, and nationalistic views and orientalist perspectives.
Pre Requisite: HIST201

HIST312 - Arab & Islamic Civil. in the Middle Ages - 3 credits

An examination of the history of Arab and Islamic civilizations from the seventh century until the sixteenth century. This course will look into why these civilizations developed during the Umayyad, Abbasid, Fatimid, Ayyubid and Mamluk states. HIST 312, highlights state institutions and the reflection of this development on Arab and Islamic culture and society in general. It will also address the reasons for the collapse and the deterioration of Arab and Islamic civilization in these periods.
Pre Requisite: HIST302

HIST400 - Modern & Contemporary World History - 3 credits

A course covering the epochal events and historic transformations in the world, ranging from the time of the Renaissance to Globalization. It will highlight the Reformation, the Industrial Revolution, the European Enlightenment, the French Revolution, the emergence of the modern nation-state, colonialism, as well as the history of the twentieth century, especially World Wars I and II and the Cold War. The course will also focus on the study of economic, social and political structures of the countries of Asia, Africa and the Americas, and their national liberation movements.

HIST413 - The Arab Under the Ottomons - 3 credits

A course on the Political, Social and economic history of the Arabs under the Ottoman Empire from the beginning of the sixteenth century until the early twentieth. Students will be introduced to the events that accompanied the emergence, prosperity, expansion and collapse of the Ottoman Empire and its repercussions on the Arab world. An overview of the different writing in this field, the primary Ottoman-era documents will be encouraged.
Pre Requisite: HIST312

HIST414 - Contemporary History of the Arab World - 3 credits

A review of the Arab world from the First World War up to the present, beginning with the collapse of the Ottoman Empire and the division of the region by the colonial powers, revolutions and to the Arab liberation movements leading to independence. Students will be introduced to the nature of the Arab political systems after independence, political parties that have emerged and the conflicts that have taken place among them. Economic and social transformations are emphasized highly in this course by reviewing and evaluating Arab development projects and studying interplay between the discovery of oil, national development and international economics. The course will also examine the relationship between the Arab world and the West and the emergence of various forms of hegemony.
Pre Requisite: HIST413 and HIST400

HUMR300 - Democracy & Human Rights - 3 credits

This course is designed to introduce students to the three interconnected subjects of: democracy, human rights and international humanitarian law. It deals with contemporary scholarship on democracy, its variations, and the main concepts, ideas of democracy as well as its implementation. In addition, the course will focus on the Palestinian and Arab contexts and problems in transitioning to democracy. The second part will deal with the meaning of human rights and its historic antecedents as well as themes in international human rights law. The Universal Declaration of Human Rights; the rights of women, children, and refugees will also be discussed. Finally, the course will focus on international humanitarian law emphasizing the Geneva Conventions of 1949.

MUSI101 - Music Theory I - 3 credits

These are integrated courses in the melodic, harmonic, rhythmic and structural elements of music, accenting the aural sense and developing the ability to visualize, sing, and write from dictation. Flute is taught in MUSI 101 and piano in MUSI 102.

MUSI102 - Music Theory II - 3 credits

Integrated courses in the melodic, harmonic, rhythmic and structural elements of music, emphasizing the aural sense while developing the ability to visualize, sing, and write from dictation.

MUSI103 - Music Appreciation - 2 credits

This course includes a discussion of the musical materials from the listener’s point of view. Emphasis is on the styles and composers of various periods from the relatively familiar Romantic music of the nineteenth century to the less familiar eighteenth century styles including classical, medieval, Renaissance and Baroque music.

MUSI108 - Choral - 1 credit

Practical courses in choral music which include Arabic vocal music and songs from other regions.

PHIL104 - Medical Ethics - 2 credits

This course is required for Nursing and Occupational Therapy students Medical ethics is a specialization within general ethics, which is, in turn, a field in philosophy. The course includes some of the most important ethical quandaries facing those who are in the medical and other health professions such as, abortion, euthanasia, cloning, genetic engineering, and the right to receive medical care, etc. Ethical theories will be taught in order for the students to be more aware of their ethical responsibilities. This course aims to increase students’ abilities to confront difficult real life ethical issues.

PHIL302 - Introduction to Philosophy - 3 credits

This course will inquire into the historical progress of philosophical sciences. It will discuss ancient Greek mythology, and philosophical development in the Middle Ages, Modernity, the Renaissance, and the contemporary era. We will also look at the vital relationship between faith and reason. Our goal is to improve the students’ mental and critical capacities. This includes their ability to understand and analyze texts, articles, etc within its historical settings. Finally, this course could help the students to grow in self-knowledge and understanding and their awareness of the world they live in.

PHIL303 - Ethics of Life - 3 credits

The study of general ethics or essential ethical values is this course’s focus. Students will discuss the ethical use of technology, advanced scientific research, and questions related to medical ethics. They will be prepared to discuss significant present-day ethical issues such as abortion, euthanasia, cloning and genetic engineering. The course will inquire about abuse and violation of the human body, and will discuss women’s rights, feminism, forms of violence, and the ethics of social media and communications.

PHIL350 - Computer Ethics - 3 credits

This course is intended to give students a chance to reflect on the humanitarian, social, and professional impact of computer technology by focusing on ethical issues faced by computing professionals, including those related to networking and the internet, intellectual property, privacy, security, reliability, and liability. The course also focuses on issues raised by the possible emergence in the future of highly intelligent machines.

POLS222 - Political Thought - 3 credits

This course examines major texts in the history of political thought and the questions they raise about the design of the political and social order. It considers the ways in which thinkers have responded to the particular political problems of their day, and the ways in which they contribute to a broader conversation about human goods and needs, justice, democracy, and the proper relationship of the individual to the state. This course will examine the political thought of the ancient and medieval worlds, focusing on the Greek, Roman and early Christian and Islamic periods. This course will also surveys the development of political concepts in modern Western thought. This covers the political context and the intellectual context of the European Enlightenment which contributed of capitalist theory and Marxism. Common themes seen in contemporary political thought include governance, property ownership and redistribution, free enterprise, individual liberty, justice, and responsibility for the common welfare will be explored. The purpose of this course will be to provide students with an overview of the evolution of the theories that contributed to the nature of modern politics.

POLS223 - The Palestinian Political System - 3 credits

This course provides a substantive overview of the evolution of the Palestinian political system. we will consider the core concepts and theoretical underpinnings of the Palestinian system of government, through understanding the nature of the PLO and its role, focusing on the establishment of the Palestinian National Authority after the 1993 Oslo Agreement and the nature of the authorities and their decision-making powers and mechanisms such as the executive branch, the Legislative Council and finally the judiciary. The student will explore in details the Palestinian Basic Law on Freedom, Equality and Justice and the the democratic transformation and political reform in the Palestinian political system. The course focuses on the study of political parties and the Palestinian public opinion in addition to the voting and election systems and amendments in the Basic Law.

POLS300 - Introduction to Political Science - 3 credits

This course reviews definitions of Political Science and its relation to other sciences. Political theories will be also studied in order to understand and analyze political phenomena. It will look at old, modern, and contemporary Western political thought, without ignoring Arab and Islamic political thought, and key political movements in the Arab world. The emergence and development of the state and different systems of governance and its relationship to the individual and society will be stressed. The course concludes by defining principal theories of international relations and international institutions.

POLS312 - Comparative Policy Theory - 3 credits

This is an introductory course to the comparative study of politics. We shall cover the basic concepts and issues of comparative politics. The discussion of the political institutions and processes will be integrated into the comparison of different political systems in the contemporary world. The course focuses on three types of polities: industrialized democracies, and post communist regimes, and the third world. Through this course students are expected to develop a familiarity with the politics of major countries in the world, such as Federal Republic of Germany the United States, Britain, France, Australia and others to understand important topics in the comparative study of politics, and to be able to analyze some of the current political development in different countries. It will do so through an examination of the reasons for why some modern nation states provide better living conditions for their citizens. Are these differences due to factors such as political institutions, legislative arrangements, parties and party systems, or social forces such as culture and ethnicity?

POLS313 - Political Systems in the Third World - 3 credits

This course examines various aspects of third world political systems also known as the developing world. The study of political systems in the Third World countries (regimes in South East Asia and Latin America, such as Brazil and Argentina) with a special focus on the Middle East (Arab / Turkey / Iran / Israel) . This course aims to help students to identify and critically analyze the major issues and challenges facing the developing nations.

POLS322 - Principles of International Relations - 3 credits

The purpose of this course is to provide you with a basic understanding of foreign affairs and introduce you to the fundamental principles of international relations within the political science framework. The course includes rules and theories of international political relations and their historical development, with a focus on the period after the First World War, the nature of the international system, its parties, and the factors determining the state's strength in the international system. And the rules of international law that regulates and determines the nature of the relations prevailing between the international systems, especially between international political relations. The course also includes the understanding of international law, such as the state and its analysis, international organizations and multinational companies, the legal rules governing the relations of these acts with each other. The course will introduce students to the frameworks of international organizations that play crucial roles in making them work or that work within them. The course looks in-depth into the United Nations (UN) system and it will expose students to the fundamental knowledge concerning the UN.

POLS412 - Public Policy - 3 credits

This course provides the study of the public policy in general, in a view to provide an understanding of the shaping of policy decisions and their impacts (the policy cycle ap¬proach) on the development of the country. It will provide information about solutions to practical problems and to then feed this information into the policy process (scientific approach); and to understand the interests and values involved in policy and planning processes (associated with the social approach. It is designed to familiarize the student with the problem solving activities of government in such areas as poverty, unemployment, Taxation, education, health care, and technology. This will introduce the students with the Palestinian public policy to some of the most current and salient policy debates in the the Palestinian territories and the effect of foreign aid on this policy. It will give students the tools and knowledge necessary to critically evaluate public policy issues in Palestine.

POLS421 - Diplomacy - 3 credits

To provide students with an understanding of the major theories in diplomacy & international relations and to equip students with practical skills and help them become outstanding members of the diplomatic and international relations community. The aim is to provide students with basic knowledge about the two dominant patterns of behavior in international relations: conflict and cooperation. The course focuses on the role of diplomacy in Palestine it will identify and describe the different stages of negotiations, in the Palestinian Israeli conflict the objectives for each stage, and techniques for securing recognition of a Palestinian State. Students will be providing examples from diplomatic practice. Through visiting the Palestinian Ministry of Foreign Affairs and the Department of Negotiations in order to gain the theoretical knowledge gained in the course by practical field knowledge and develops their expertise in diplomatic work.

POLS422 - Arab Political Systems - 3 credits

This course will focus on the study of the Arab political systems. Despite their great diversity, many nations of the Arab world share a number of common characteristics, such as poverty, legacies of colonialism, external vulnerability and dependency, internal political and social instability, challenges of state-building, state failure, ethnic conflict, human rights abuses, and so forth. The course will also give an idea about the political culture of these countries and its relation with the government. The transition from authoritarian to democratic rule (democratization) and the process of institutionalizing newly democratic regimes (democratic consolidation) in the Arab World in the post-revolution will be carefully examined. The Political institutions of these countries in terms of legislative, Executives and Judiciaries and their relation will be looked at with a focus on Egypt, Iraq, Saudi Arabia Morocco and Tunisia.

SPAN101 - Elementary Spanish I - 3 credits

This basic course in Spanish for beginners introduces the fundamental structures of the language and emphasizes vocabulary building through conversational techniques. Comprehension and oral ability are developed through audio-visual aids.

SPAN102 - Elementary Spanish II - 3 credits

This course provides students with a working knowledge of the basic grammatical structures of the Spanish language. Continued emphasis is placed on vocabulary building and correct use of grammar through written exercises and drills. Aural comprehension and oral ability are developed through audio-visual aids.
Pre Requisite: SPAN101

SPAN103 - Intermediate Spanish I - 3 credits

This course incorporates more advanced studies in the Spanish language. Emphasis is placed on a continuation of exercises to perfect the grasp of grammatical structures. Readings for this course are texts selected from Spanish literature.
Pre Requisite: SPAN102

SPAN104 - Intermediate Spanish II - 3 credits

This course continues the advanced work begun in SPAN 103. Students are expected to be conversant with all tenses and structures in Spanish. More advanced work is undertaken in the areas of writing, speaking and reading.
Pre Requisite: SPAN103

SPAN201 - Advanced Spanish I - 3 credits

In the advanced course students are expected to improve self capability of learning the language, using the skills provided in the previous courses. Readings of literary texts, compositions according to level and oral expositions in class are used in this course.
Pre Requisite: SPAN104

SPAN202 - Advanced Spanish II - 3 credits

The course continues the advanced work of SPAN 201 on a higher level. Readings, compositions and oral expositions are integral to this course. Cultural activities are integrated into the course during the semester.
Pre Requisite: SPAN201

THEA301 - Theater for Special Purposes - 3 credits

This introductory course offers rich theatrical experiences to the needs of a specific discipline, such as Occupational Therapy.
Bethlehem University Foundation
Email: dc@bethlehem.edu
Phone: +1-202-526-6097
Fax: +1-202-526-6096
Washington, DC USA
Bethlehem University in the Holy Land
E-mail: info@bethlehem.edu
Phone: +972-2-274-1241
Fax: +972-2-274-4440
Bethlehem, Palestine

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