Faculty of Science


Department of Physics


Course Description


PHYS113 - Laboratory Practice - 1 credit

Laboratory work involves studies in the following areas: basic theory of various laboratory equipment, experiments of mechanical concepts, the use of electrical components and meters, power supplies, signal generators, oscilloscope, and DC and AC circuits.

PHYS121 - Physics for Physiotherapy - 2 credits

This is an introduction to the following subjects with emphasis on applications to the human body and equipment used by physiotherapists: forces, Newton’s three laws, rotational equilibrium, work and energy, momentum and collisions, electrostatic and Coulomb’s law, electric field and potential, DC and AC current circuits, diffraction, polarization, reflection and refraction of waves.

PHYS131 - General Physics I - 3 credits

This is an Introduction to the following subjects: vectors, particle kinematics and dynamics, work, conservation of energy and momentum, rotational kinematics and dynamics, conservation of angular momentum, oscillations.

PHYS132 - General Physics II - 3 credits

This course covers gravitation, fluid mechanics, wave motion , temperature, heat and entropy, the first and second laws of thermodynamics, kinetic theory, the electric field, Gauss’s law, the electric potential, capacitance, current and resistance, direct current circuits.
Pre Requisite: PHYS131

PHYS133 - General Physics for Biology - 3 credits

This is an introductory course in General Physics for students in Biology. The course handles the following subjects: motion in one dimension, vectors, motion in two dimensions, Newton’s laws, statistics, work and energy, thermodynamics and thermal properties of materials, fluid mechanics, surface tension and osmosis, DC and AC currents, conduction in nerves, sound, wave properties of light, image formation, radioactivity, and introduction to nuclear physics.

PHYS231 - Introduction to Electronics I - 3 credits

This is an introductory course for Electronics. It includes the use and applications of simple electronic devices. The student will be familiarized with the ways of fabrications and learn how to connect principal circuits. Laplace transformation will be introduced in this course. The course contains 5 lab sessions with a total of 10 hours.
Pre Requisite: PHYS132

PHYS242 - Modern Physics - 4 credits

This course incorporates the following topics: fundamentals of special theory of relativity, introduction to quantum mechanics, atomic physics, solid state physics, nuclear physics and elementary particles.The course contains 8 lab sessions with a total of 20 hours.
Pre Requisite: PHYS132

PHYS244 - General Physics III - 4 credits

Magnetic fields, Faraday’s law, inductance, alternating current circuits, electromagnetic waves, geometric optics, interference, diffraction and polarization are covered. The course contains 8 lab sessions with a total of 20 hours.
Pre Requisite: PHYS132

PHYS331 - Electromagnetism I - 3 credits

This course introduces the field of electromagnetism covering the following topics: electrostatics and magnetostatics, microscopic theory of dielectrics, electric current, electric and magnetic fields and energies, boundary value problems, and Maxwell’s equations.
Pre Requisite: PHYS336 or ( MATH142 and PHYS132 )

PHYS332 - Electromagnetism II - 3 credits

This is a continuation of Phys 331 and it focuses on Maxwell’s equations, electromagnetic waves in homogeneous isotropic media, and the theory of diffraction.
Pre Requisite: PHYS331

PHYS333 - Classical Mechanics - 3 credits

This is a course in the kinematics and dynamics of mass points, motion in resisting media, attenuated and forced harmonic motion, central forces, planets motion, rotating frames of reference, Lagrange’s equations, and mechanics of rigid media.
Pre Requisite: PHYS131

PHYS334 - Solid State Physics - 3 credits

This course introduces solid state physics which covers: crystal structure defects and dislocations, crystal diffraction and the reciprocal lattice, phonons, lattice vibrations, free electron fermi gas, energy bands, semiconductor crystals, fermi surfaces, metals and theories of conduction and magnetism.
Pre Requisite: PHYS242

PHYS335 - Astronomy - 3 credits

This course is an introduction to stellar distances, luminosities, classification of stars, variable stars, interstellar matter, the local galaxy, other galaxies, and the universe.
Pre Requisite: PHYS132

PHYS336 - Methods of Mathematical Physics - 3 credits

This course studies vector analysis, theory of analytic functions, special functions of mathematical physics, partial differential equations of mathematical physics and theory of matrices.
Pre Requisite: MATH142

PHYS338 - Thermal & Statistical Physics - 3 credits

The course deals with the fundamentals of thermodynamics: equation of state, heat flow, entropy, first and second laws of thermodynamics. Kinetic theory and various statistical methods will be covered with applications to gases. Prerequisite: PHYS 242
Pre Requisite: PHYS242

PHYS339 - Advanced Physics Laboratory - 3 credits

This course involves advanced experiments in optical fibers; investigation of basic properties and applications as sensors and communication tools, x-ray diffraction and fluorescence, the four probe method, with emphasis on the scientific methods for the acquisition and analysis of the experimental data.
Pre Requisite: PHYS242

PHYS343 - Introduction to Electronics II - 4 credits

Introduction to semiconductors, diodes, rectifiers, LED, transistors will be covered. Also the properties of basic BJT and FET, in addition to CMOS, TTL and ICs. Digital and analogue amplifier stages, the operational amplifier, the fundamental concepts and circuits using standard ICs will also be investigated. The course contains 9 lab sessions with a total of 23 hours.
Pre Requisite: PHYS132

PHYS381 - Modern Optics - 3 credits

This course is a review of geometrical and wave optics, linear and circular polarization, coherence and interference, multiple-beam interferometry, Fraunhofer and Fresnel diffraction, atomic spectra, light-matter interaction, lasers, and holography.
Pre Requisite: PHYS132

PHYS389 - Projects in Physics - 1 credit

This course includes running an advance Physics experiment which varies from a student to another. Each student would be required to present his/her results in a Seminar Forum.

PHYS431 - Nuclear & Elementary Particles Physics - 3 credits

In this course the following subjects are introduced: nuclear size, concepts of spin, parity and statistics; Alpha, Beta and Gamma decay; natural radioactivity; nuclear reactions; nuclear forces; fission and fusion; properties and interactions of elementary particles and the experimental techniques.
Pre Requisite: PHYS242 and PHYS244

PHYS432 - Quantum Mechanics - 3 credits

The course addresses studying fundamentals of quantum mechanics and their practical proof, particle wave mechanics and examples such as the vibration movement as well as Schrodinger's equation solutions in three dimensions.
Pre Requisite: PHYS242 and MATH142

PHYS433 - Bio-Medical Physics - 3 credits

Topics include production and measurement of x-rays and charged particles for nuclear medicine, interaction of radiation with biological materials, radiation Dosimetry, radiation safety, and physics of medical imaging, magnetic resonance imaging and lasers.
Pre Requisite: PHYS381 and PHYS242

PHYS434 - Plasma Physics - 3 credits

This is an introductory course in plasma physics. It consists of a description of the collisionless plasma, particle orbit theory and Vlasov equation; the dielectric tensor, and wave propagation in cold plasma. Prerequisite: PHYS 331This is an introductory course in plasma physics. It consists of a description of the collisionless plasma, particle orbit theory and Vlasov equation; the dielectric tensor, and wave propagation in cold plasma. Prerequisite: PHYS 331
Pre Requisite: PHYS331

PHYS435 - Devices & Application in Solid State Physics - 3 credits

This is an introductory course which involves a study of metal-semiconductor contacts; p-n junction diodes; junction transistor, physical concepts of semiconductor devices; e.g. tunnel diodes; MIS: lasers gun effect; etc.; microelectronics. Prerequisite: PHYS 242
Pre Requisite: PHYS242

PHYS437 - Thermodynamics - 3 credits

The course introduces the student to the core concepts of thermodynamic laws, entropy, free energy, thermal equilibrium laws. It discusses the relationship between the atomic structure and the different properties of materials.
Pre Requisite: PHYS242

PHYS438 - Atomic & Molecular Physics - 3 credits

The course introduces the student to study the structure of atoms and molecules on the basis of Quantum Mechanics. One- and multi-electron atoms are studied quantum mechanically, where the effects due to spin, the fine-structure, and the hyperfine structure are also taken into consideration. Hartree-Fock and Density Functional theory will be introduced as well.
Pre Requisite: PHYS242

PHYS439 - Relativity - 3 credits

Postulates of special relativity; the Lorentz transformation; space-time vector algebra; relativistic dynamics; covariant form of electrodynamics; tensor algebra in 4-dimensional space-time: introduction to the general theory of relativity. Prerequisite: PHYS 242
Pre Requisite: PHYS242

PHYS441 - Nanophysics - 3 credits

The course aims at an introduction to basic principles of nanophysics allowing working in research and development in nanotechnology. The course will cover topics including Forces on the nanoscale level: electrostatics, van der Waals forces, Casimir force, applications to NEMS (Nano-Electromechanical Systems) and AFM (Atomic Force Microscopy). Electron tunneling and applications: tunneling spectroscopy, STM, electronic transport through quantum dots,Coulomb blockad.
Pre Requisite: PHYS242

PHYS442 - Computational Physics - 3 credits

This course gives a modern introduction to the basic methods in computational physics and an overview of the recent progress in scientific computing. Many examples from recent resarch in physics and related areas are given with the fortran program listing. Basic computational tools and routines, including the ones for differential equations, spectral analysis, and matrix operations, are dealt with through relevant examples, and more advanced topics, such as Monte Carlo simulations, molecular dynamics, and quantum computing are also treated.8 Practical sessions of two hours each will be given for using software on computers.
Pre Requisite: PHYS242

Bethlehem University Foundation
Email: dc@bethlehem.edu
Phone: +1-202-526-6097
Fax: +1-202-526-6096
Washington, DC USA
Bethlehem University in the Holy Land
E-mail: info@bethlehem.edu
Phone: +972-2-274-1241
Fax: +972-2-274-4440
Bethlehem, Palestine

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