Bethlehem University Catalog 2021-2022

Faculty of Arts/ Department of Humanities/ Course description

ANTH301 - ANTHROPOLOGY OF RELIGION - 3 credits

This course will define religion, its components, structure, and its role in human civilizations, beginning with the 'primitive' religions and moving on to more evolved and structured religions that arose; in addition to giving unique insight into the various theories in the field of anthropology of religion. Students will learn about fetishism, totemism, animism, shamanism, magic, ancestral worship, myths, rituals, sacrifice and pre-historic religions as well as modern religions. Students are expected to harbor a more in-depth understanding of the similarities and differences among religions and the relationship between religion and the socio-cultural, economic, and political elements of society; as well as the effects of religion on human behavior and religion's importance in the creation of meaning and goal in the lives of humans.
Pre Requisite:

ARCH101 - INTRODUCTION TO ARCHAEOLOGY - 3 credits

The course aims to introduce students to archeology, its origins, and the main concepts in it. Through this introduction, students learn about the archaeological periods in Palestine, from the Paleolithic periods to the modern era, which highlights the relationship of archeology with other sciences. This course presents the history of archaeological research in Palestine and the neighboring countries “Bilād al-Shām\ Greater Syria”, and the archaeological schools and their methods in the field of archaeological research. The course sheds light on modern and contemporary methodologies in analyzing material culture and methods of classifying, analyzing, and documenting it.
Pre Requisite:

ARCH201 - ARCHAEOLOGY OF PREHISTORIC PALESTINE AND GREATER SYRIA - 2 credits

This course deals with the ancient environment and climatic changes and their impact on the evolution of man from the beginning of his appearance about four million years ago, explaining the stages and conditions he went through and his transition from Africa to Bilād al-Shām until the emergence of the Homo sapiens "wise man". This course will cover the Archaeology of Palestine and Bilād al-Shām from the Paleolithic era with its multiple divisions and the diversity of the development of the manufacture of various flint tools, arts, and burials customs. The course also sheds light on Palestine from the beginning of the Middle Stone Age (20000 BC) until the final stages of the Chalcolithic period, and the beginning of the stages of urbanization in the Bronze period. This course will study settlement patterns and the transition from hunting and gathering to settlement, agricultural revolution. The course moves to clarify the techniques of making flint and bone tools, architecture, lifestyles and living patterns, religious practices, burial customs, and their development from hunters to shepherds.
Pre Requisite:

ARCH203 - ARCHAEOLOGY OF PALESTINE DURING THE CITY-STATE PERIODS... - 3 credits

The course deals with the Archaeology of Palestine and Bilād al-Shām in the Bronze Age and the formation of the Canaanite city-states and their religious and social culture. And the relationship of these cities with each other and with ancient Egypt and Iraq until the end of the second millennium BC. The course moves to the history and archeology of Palestine during the period of the sheikhdoms' control over the Palestinian cities in the first and second Iron Ages. The course reviews the most important studies about the Philistines, Canaanites, the Israelites, the Amorites, etc. and it will review the important classical and contemporary theories about these ethnic nomenclatures.
Pre Requisite:

ARCH210 - ORIENTALIST ARCHAEOLOGY OF PALESTINE &GREATER SYRIA IN THE C - 3 credits

The course deals with Palestinian antiquities in the various Orientalist schools from the mid-nineteenth century until now. The course gives special attention to the Israeli school and its methods of work in Palestinian Archaeology. The course explains the interest of these schools in Palestinian antiquities, their interpretations, and their various opinions about the Palestinian material culture and the relationship of this heritage to the Palestinians. The course focuses on the works and productions of these schools in the field of Palestinian archeology.
Pre Requisite:

ARCH230 - ARCHAEOLOGY AND ETHNOGRAPHY OF THE PALESTINIAN VILLAGES - 3 credits

This course is intertwined between archeology and anthropology. It provides the basic tools that enable the student to understand the basic components of the Palestinian peasant and Bedouin culture through the study of the village. It shows the nature of the relationship between man and his rural and nomadic environment and the extent of his interaction with it and his adaptation to environmental changes. The course sheds light on all forms of tangible and intangible Palestinian heritage, its components, and ways to preserve it as a symbol of cultural identity, and an important component of Palestinian social history.
Pre Requisite:

ARCH307 - ARCHAEOLOGY OF PALESTINE OF THE GREEK-HELLENISTIC, ROMAN & B - 3 credits

The course introduces students to the antiquities of Palestine in the classical periods, from the Greek period until the end of the Byzantine period (333 BC - 634 AD). The course deals with the political history in Palestine in these periods and its repercussions on the social, cultural-religious level and the accompanying transformations that occurred in these periods, such as the emergence of the “Polis” classical cities, the developments that occurred on the urban landscape in Palestinian cities, and their urban characteristics, and their relationship to their rural surroundings. It focuses on archaeological finds from the classical periods in Palestine and its urban heritage. The course sheds light on the effects from which information about the religious culture of these periods can be deduced, such as burial customs and methods and methods of building tombs. The course also highlights the technical aspects of building and architecture methods in these periods.
Pre Requisite:

ARCH310 - ARCHAEOLOGY OF PALESTINE DURING THE EARLY ISLAMIC PERIODS (U - 3 credits

The course deals with the study of Arab-Islamic antiquities in Palestine and the Levant from the seventh century AD to the eleventh century AD. The course reviews the history of archaeological research in these periods and the most important theories revolving around Islamic Archaeology, then presents the changes that occurred in the geographical-cultural scene in Palestine during the Arab-Islamic rule. The course focuses on the plans of Arab and Islamic cities and their differences from the classical cities and their urban and artistic aspects.
Pre Requisite:

ARCH403 - INTRODUCTION TO NUMISMATICS - 3 credits

The course introduces the students to the history of the use of coins since the Persian period in the sixth century BC through the Hellenistic, Roman, Arab, Islamic and Ottoman coins, with special attention to the local currency and coinage in Palestine. The importance of numismatics as a resource for history and archeology. The course provides a description and explanation of all the elements of coins in each of the historical periods covered by the course.
Pre Requisite:

ARCH405 - INTRODUCTION TO EPIGRAPHIA - 3 credits

The course deals with the inscriptions and their development in the region and focuses on research methods in the study of inscriptions, their importance as a source in the study of the political, social, and economic history of ancient civilizations. It also deals with examples of inscriptions from different historical periods.
Pre Requisite:

ARCH407 - POTTERY & CULTURAL HERITAGE: ANALYSIS, DOCUMENTATION & TYPOL - 3 credits

This course is divided into two parts. In the first section, the course introduces students to the methodologies of studying pottery and then addresses the importance of studying pottery in the field of archeology and cultural heritage as an important source of social and economic history for human communities, and the second section reviews models from Islamic pottery from the Umayyad period until the end of the Ottoman period.
Pre Requisite:

ARCH409 - ANCIENT SEMITIC LANGUAGES: CANAANITE, HEBREW, NABATAEAN, ARA - 3 credits

This course introduces students to the ancient Semitic languages (Canaanite, Hebrew, Nabataean, Aramaic, Syriac, and Arabic), and the origins of these languages, their development, and their relationship to each other, the similarities and differences between them, and the relationship of the Arabic language to them.
Pre Requisite:

ARCH411 - ARCHAEOLOGY OF PALESTINE IN THE FRANKISH, AYYUBID, MAMLUK & - 3 credits

The course presents the Archaeology of Palestine in the Frankish, Ayyubid, Mamluk, and Ottoman periods, and addresses the sources of studying the Palestinian cities and countryside, and sheds light on demographic and cultural transformations in these periods.
Pre Requisite:

ARCH435 - ETHNOGRAPHIC FILMS - 2 credits

The course reviews the history and patterns of film development, analyzes the role of film and video in presenting aspects of cultural and social life, trains students more on ethnographic films, and links the contents with historical and cultural contexts to narrate and document social events, that allowing students to analyze the descriptive dimensions of the topic, the theoretical approach, and the cultural context in addition to understanding film production techniques and methods.
Pre Requisite:

ARCH437 - PREHISTORIC ART - 2 credits

This course introduces students to the concept of art, its origins, and its relationship to human thought in prehistoric times. (From the Upper Paleolithic to the Chalcolithic in the region of Europe and the ancient Near East), and highlights the various forms of arts such as sculpture, statues, photography, and raw materials such as stones, bone, and clay...etc.) The course also discusses with students the subjects of these arts and their relation to religious thought and the impact of the environment on this thought and artistic activities.
Pre Requisite:

ARCH439 - THE ART OF THE ANCIENT NEAR EAST - 2 credits

This course deals with the material culture in the ancient East region (Iraq - Mesopotamia, Egypt, the era of the city-state, and the sheikhdoms in Palestine. The course sheds light on the technical aspects of architecture, the arts of pottery decoration, sculpture, and painting, as well as mining and other arts, and discusses the connection of these creations with the human Cultural-Religious Thought in the Ancient East and Palestine
Pre Requisite:

ARCH441 - GREEK-HELLENISTIC & ROMAN-BYZANTINE ART - 2 credits

This course introduces students to the arts in the classical periods in all its forms, the most important theories in the history of classical art, and the literature that dealt with the subject. In this course, students are introduced to the architectural features and their artistic aspects through the various classical periods. It highlights the transformation in artistic aspects during the transition of the Roman state to the adoption of Christianity and the spread of Eastern Byzantine culture. And the implications of this religious transformation on the arts in the Byzantine Empire, such as paintings and sculpture, as well as other artistic industries such as mining and pottery.
Pre Requisite:

ARCH443 - ISLAMIC ART - 2 credits

This course sheds light on the emergence of Arab-Islamic art and the influence of religious thought on these arts. The course also reviews the history of research in Arab and Islamic art and the most important theories that revolve around it, and the relationship of Arab-Islamic art with the Eastern Christian arts, the Sassanian or Turkish-Ottoman arts, and deals with Arab and Islamic architecture and its decoration, glass, pottery, and its forms of decoration, embroidery, woodcarving, and ivory tools...etc.
Pre Requisite:

ARCH450 - ARCHAEOLOGY & HISTORY OF THE MONASTIC TRENDS IN PALESTINE & - 3 credits

In this course, students will learn about the history of the monastic movement in Palestine from the middle of the fourth century AD until today. The course reviews the history of research in the monastic movement and the contemporary literature that deals with the subject. The course deals with the early Monasteries in Palestine, their types, and their architectural elements. The course also deals with the relationship of these monasteries with the local community in the geographical area in which they are located. Finally, the course discusses with the students the methods of asceticism and worship in these monasteries.
Pre Requisite:

ARCH453 - RELIGIOUS ARCHITECTURE IN PALESTINE - 3 credits

This course reviews examples of religious buildings and structures in Palestine, from the Bronze Age (eras of the city-state) until the end of the Ottoman period. The course focuses on the development of these buildings, such as the ancient temples in the periods preceding the adoption of Christianity, then turns to studying and tracing the development of Christian religious architecture such as churches and their architectural development. Finally, the course moves on to present Islamic religious architecture.
Pre Requisite:

ARCH455 - SENIOR PROJECT - 3 credits

(Archaeological excavation / or field research work in archaeology, ethnography, and cultural heritage)The graduation project is one of the important courses in which the student cannot complete the requirements of his major without completing this project. The student has the right to choose a legitimate topic according to his interests. The department presents to the student various topics such as Archaeological excavations, which allow the student to learn about techniques and methods of excavations and methods of documenting, analyzing, and recording the discovered material, projects on ethnographic issues based on the skills they acquired, and projects linked to creative ideas that contribute to the conservation and development of heritage and natural sites.
Pre Requisite:

ARTI101 - ART APPRECIATION - 2 credits

This course will examine the schools of Modern Art (1780-1917), starting with the classical and ending with the abstract expressionist school, by presenting and analyzing works of art from these schools, in addition to biographies of the artists. Students will become aware of Art and its relationship to the foundations of aesthetics, and their role in art appreciation.
Pre Requisite:

ARTS110 - CREATIVE ARTS - 2 credits

Creative activities include collage, mask making, printing techniques, individual and group projects using paint and crayons. Activities are analyzed for their physical, cognitive and emotional properties. The adaptation and structuring of activities to meet the needs of people with physical, developmental and emotional difficulties are discussed.
Pre Requisite:

ARTS111 - APPLIED ART WORK: DRAWING - 3 credits

This course provides practical supervised training in pencil and charcoal drawing. To help develop an artistic taste and vision, students are introduced to art appreciation and aesthetics. This is followed by step-by-step theoretical and practical instruction in the fundamentals of drawing and the proper use of pencil and charcoal.
Pre Requisite:

CINE101 - FILM APPRECIATION - 2 credits

Cinematography is the language of the modern world and to comprehend this international lingua franca one must understand its building blocks. The Cinema course delves, therefore, into the language of film by analyzing the components and elements within films and the role these aspects play in expressing cinematic art. Students will analyze and study various shots involving different sizes, angles, lighting, medium and mise en scene as well as space, closed and open forms, composition, frame structure and editing in order to more thoroughly comprehend cinema and its various schools. Students will also study the traditions of documentary film.
Pre Requisite:

CULH113 - PALESTINIAN CULTURAL LANDSCAPE - 3 credits

The course deals with the Palestinian geo-cultural landscape from the nineteenth century until now. The course traces the changes that occurred in this landscape and still exist today. Focuses on advanced research methods in the study of the geographical and cultural landscape and the most important contemporary theories on this subject. The course sheds light with the students on ways to preserve the components of the Palestinian geo-cultural landscape and traces the relationship between place and human interactions throughout history, taking into account the economic and social dimensions and technological development.
Pre Requisite:

CULH201 - FLORA AND FAUNA IN PALESTINE - 2 credits

The course deals with the plant and animal environment in Palestine in terms of the types of plants and animals that live in it. The students are introduced to the scientific names of plant species. The course also shows the existence of nature reserves in the country, their geographical distribution, and the importance of preserving them and marketing them for tourism.
Pre Requisite:

CULH207 - STUDIES IN PALESTINIAN CULTURAL HERITAGE & IDENTITY - 3 credits

The course deals with the Palestinian cultural heritage in a way that contributes to understanding its diverse and complex aspects due to the impact of the social, economic, and political changes that the Palestinian people have experienced through a long history of struggle to exist and stay in their land and to preserve their identity in places of displacement and asylum. The course will address the effects of Israeli settler-colonialism in the production of certain symbols associated with the identity of the Palestinian and the various expressions produced by interactions with political events such as steadfastness, resistance, catastrophe, and asylum, and how they are manifested in the blending of classical and contemporary heritage symbols.
Pre Requisite:

CULH231 - STUDIES IN CONTEMPORARY PALESTINIAN POPULAR CULTURE & REFUGE - 3 credits

The course deals with the Palestinian folk culture in its aspects that emerged at the end of the nineteenth century and the beginning of the twentieth century within the activities of the popular seasons such as Mawsem en-Nabi Musa, en-Nabi Saleh, the various popular markets and industries, and how they developed and were affected by political and historical changes during the Ottoman rule, European interventions, and the Israeli settlement-colonization of the country. And the role that these factors played in shaping the definitional foundations of Palestinian culture in the different places where Palestinians live today. The course will review a variety of materials cultural, including readings, film screenings, audio recordings, and photographs from the periods between the beginnings of the twentieth century until nowadays. (3 H)
Pre Requisite:

CULH302 - ETHICS OF CULTURAL HERITAGE: THEORY & PRACTICE - 2 credits

This course introduces students to the ethical foundations for heritage preservation, and the association of these foundations with belonging, citizenship, and identity. The course introduces cultural heritage as a national heritage and shows the serious aspects associated with the destruction of cultural heritage and its repercussions on the identity of the people and the nation. Students will discuss case studies of cultural heritage and the ethics of its management in a range of geographical and cultural contexts. It focuses on introducing students to the ethics of heritage through the values of integrity, legislation, preservation of collective memory, museum and property management, human rights, and tourism guidance.
Pre Requisite:

CULH304 - INTRODUCTION TO THE MATERIAL, VISUAL CULTURAL HERITAGE & MED - 3 credits

The course presents several selected aspects related to physical and visual culture and how humans have evolved with the material things in their environments that they manufactured, in addition to understanding the role of media in its traditional and digital forms as a means of cultural expression and consumption. The course's readings and lectures refer to museums and their role, the anthropology of art, the cultural and urban landscape, digital social media, and people's interaction through them concerning cultural exchange.
Pre Requisite:

CULH311 - ORAL HISTORY - 2 credits

Through this course, the student learns about the nature of oral history and its relationship to the philosophy of history and its importance in historical studies. The student is also acquainted with practical skills of ethnographic research in general such as designing interview questions, ethics of confidentiality, respect for respondents, and content analysis.
Pre Requisite:

CULH312 - INTRODUCTION TO MUSEOLOGY - 2 credits

This course is an introduction to museology and deals with the emergence, development, and goals of museums in Palestine and the world, and pays attention to contemporary museums, their working methods, methods, and the foundations of their management, and highlights the educational and cultural aspects of the museum and its importance in spreading awareness among students of the importance of preserving cultural heritage.
Pre Requisite:

CULH313 - MANAGEMENT OF MUSEUMS - 3 credits

This course deals with the theoretical and practical aspects of museum management and introduces students to the latest methods in museum management, as well as the latest contemporary methods for preserving and displaying museum materials.
Pre Requisite:

CULH330 - GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEMS (GIS) IN ARCHEOLOGY & TANGIBL - 3 credits

The course is concerned with introducing students to how to use GIS technology in archaeology, and they learn how to design and build a map and digital database for archaeological sites and provide integrated digital records for these sites to better display archaeological data.
Pre Requisite:

CULH333 - MANUSCRIPTS: ANALYSIS, RESTORATION, INDEXING & CLASSIFICATIO - 3 credits

The course deals with the methods for analyzing manuscripts and modern and advanced methods and techniques for their restoration, classifying, and indexing. The methods of research and academic writing used in publishing manuscripts.
Pre Requisite:

CULH415 - PRESERVATION, DEVELOPMENT, & MANAGEMENT OF CULTURAL & NATURA - 3 credits

The course deals with methods of surveying, analyzing, documenting archaeological, historical, and natural buildings, and reviews the challenges associated with preserving buildings and heritage and natural sites and the preventive and curative approach to preserving heritage sites, and the natural and human causes that cause damage and deterioration in the condition of sites.
Pre Requisite:

CULH417 - LAWS & LEGISLATION THAT PROTECT CULTURAL HERITAGE - 3 credits

In this course, students are introduced to the laws relating to the protection of cultural and natural heritage. They also learn about illegal methods in looting and destruction of cultural heritage sites in the region (Palestine, Iraq, Syria, and Egypt). Students also learn about the Palestinian Antiquities Law, the laws of cultural heritage protection, international charters, and laws such as the UNESCO Charter, the United Nations, and the Human Rights Organization.
Pre Requisite:

CULH418 - PALESTINIAN TRADITIONAL INDUSTRIES - 3 credits

The course deals with the Palestinian traditional industries produced by the Palestinian people, such as ceramics, traditional hand-made glass, pottery, hand embroidery, hand-made carpets, olive wood products, and shell products..., etc.), and how to study them, analyze and maintain it. Students will also learn about the importance of the relationship between traditional industries and heritage and the national identity of the Palestinian people.
Pre Requisite:

CULH433 - THE MANAGEMENT OF CULTURAL & NATURAL HERITAGE SITES - 3 credits

This course deals with the latest methods and contemporary techniques in the management of heritage and natural sites, and with the historical natural and urban environment and the impact of human interventions or contemporary urban expansion on it, thus setting appropriate plans for its conservation, management, and development sustainably.
Pre Requisite:

ETHN205 - METHODOLOGY IN ETHNOGRAPHIC RESEARCH - 3 credits

The course introduces students to ethnographic research and observational skills by participating and listening to social actors in the social and cultural environments in which we are investigating. The course focuses on the importance of historical, social, political, and economic contexts and identifying the structures and actors within them to understand the phenomenon studied within these broader contexts. Other experiences that the course aims to enhance include addressing questions and issues related to the ethics of academic field research.
Pre Requisite:

GEOG101 - GEOGRAPHY OF PALESTINE - 3 credits

The course introduces students to geography. It presents an introduction to the geography of Palestine in terms of its astronomical location, naming characteristics, borders, human settlement, and other geographical elements in Palestine. The course deals with the formations of the geological structure, types of rocks and their distribution, topography, trends and general characteristics, climate, soil, and natural plants in Palestine and Bilād al-Shām. The course sheds light on demographics and economic activities and reviews the effects of the Zionist occupation on the Palestinian geographical landscape.
Pre Requisite:

GEOG211 - INTRODUCTION TO PHYSICAL & HUMAN GEOGRAPHY - 3 credits

This course will look at and analyze schools of geographic philosophy, the origin of the universe, the solar system, the earth, its dimensions and location in relation to other planets, the atmosphere, climate, weather and its impact on earth's crust, modern international population migration, human racial diversity and major demographic characteristics of the world's population.
Pre Requisite:

GEOG223 - ECONOMIC GEOGRAPHY - 2 credits

Research methods of economic geography, global economic blocks, and the factors that influence the formation of global agricultural and animal products such as energy, mining, chemical industrial distribution; their key components of modern global transportation systems and tourism will be studied and analyzed.
Pre Requisite:

GEOG310 - PALESTINE IN TRAVEL LITERATURE - 2 credits

The course deals with the literature of travelers in the classical and Arab-Islamic periods and the importance of this literature in the study of the economic, political, cultural, and environmental history of Palestine in these periods.
Pre Requisite:

GEOG311 - HISTORICAL & POLITICAL GEOGRAPHY - 2 credits

The study and analysis of research methods of both historical and political geography, the geography of Pleistocene, the impact of succession of warm and ice ages, ancient human migration, global language and the evolution of writing, the role of geographic location, human and natural resources in deciding the power of the state, the borders between political states, vital space and national security, and modern geopolitical and geostrategic problems will all be addressed.
Pre Requisite:

GEOG322 - GEOGRAPHY OF THE ARAB WORLD - 3 credits

A short review of physical, human, economic and cultural geography of the Arab world. This includes the recognition of sites, and their geological structure, the terrain, climate, soil, plants, water resources, conditions of population groups and the economic activities in various countries. We will study and analyze the main geographical challenges facing the Arab world such as desertification, population growth, food and water security and urbanization
Pre Requisite:

GEOG411 - GEOGRAPHY OF PALESTINE - 3 credits

A study and analysis of ancient human settlement in Palestine, the origin of site names, the evolution of borders throughout history, physical and geological features of various reliefs, climate, water resources, soils and native plants, Israeli settlements and the destruction of Palestinian villages and sites. The demographic characteristics of the Palestinian population in the West Bank and Gaza Strip, agricultural products of the West Bank and Gaza Strip, tourism, and reading and analyzing maps of Palestine
Pre Requisite:

HIST120 - MODERN & CONTEMPORARY HISTORY OF PALESTINE - 3 credits

The course deals with the modern and contemporary history of Palestine from the 19th century until the present era. It analyzes the political, social, and economic history of Palestine during the late stage of the Ottoman period, and then examines the colonial activity in Palestine since the mid-nineteenth century through the Survey of Western Palestine (SWP) and the Palestine Exploration Fund (PEF), and what accompanied this activity from the European Zionist penetration since the first half of the nineteenth century until now. The course sheds light on the Zionist movement and its creed, as well as the misconceptions it promoted about the land and people of Palestine. Then the course deals with analysis and evaluation of the British mandates until 1948, and during this pivotal stage in the history of Palestine, the course analyzes the Palestinian national movement from 1920 until the Nakba in 1948. The course also deals with the situation of the Palestinian people after the Nakba of 1948 and discusses the conditions of the Palestinians in the refugee camps inside Palestine and the diaspora, the formation of the PLO, and the conditions of the Palestinian people during the First Intifada and the resulting signing of the Oslo Accords.
Pre Requisite:

HIST200 - INTRODUCTION TO HISTORY - 3 credits

A course focusing on the study and development of history as a discipline and its relationship to other disciplines, as well as the evolution of historical research and historical writing in different historical eras. The study of how to write and publish historical texts will be emphasized. The origin and evolution of Arab and Islamic historiography will also be reviewed. Different narratives that are used in writing Palestinian history and the ideological impacts that have affected it will be also discussed.
Pre Requisite:

HIST201 - PREHISTORY - 3 credits

The prehistory course begins with life 2.5 million years ago and concludes with the formation of the city-state at the end of the 4th millennium BC. Students will study this period and the underlying developments accompanying. During this time frame human beings or Homo Sapiens evolved and major racial groups and linguistic families were also firmly established. As well, the dawn of religious beliefs, art, the agricultural revolution, and the resulting domestication of plants and animals, the establishment of the first city, the discovery of copper and the birth of nomadism, with its ties to cattle ranching, will all be explored by students.
Pre Requisite:

HIST302 - HISTORY OF THE ANCIENT NEAR EAST - 3 credits

This course covers the history of the Ancient Near East, beginning with the dawn of civilization and progressing to the early periods of the early civilizations of Egypt, Mesopotamia and the Levant, including the history of Palestine in the Classical Era. The course will highlight the importance of cultural achievements surrounding that era as well as touch upon complications that exist when studying the ancient history of Palestine as a result of different religious, and nationalistic views and orientalist perspectives.
Pre Requisite:

HIST305 - ZIONISM & COLONIALISM - 3 credits

The course deals with Zionism, its objectives, the foundations on which it was based, and the intellectual and practical backgrounds of Zionism since its inception in European colonial thought in the nineteenth century. The course shows the formation of the various Zionist organizations and the Zionist movement and its relationship to global colonialism. The course focuses on the case of settler-colonialism in Palestine from 1881 until now.
Pre Requisite:

HIST308 - HISTORY OF THE CONTEMPORARY ARAB WORLD - 3 credits

This course reviews the Arab world since the collapse of the Ottoman Empire and the division of the Arab world among the colonial states, through the Arab liberation movements, to independence. The student then learns about the nature of the post-independence Arab political system, the political parties, and the conflicts that occurred between them. As for the economic and social transformations, they take a large share through the review and evaluation of Arab development projects and the relationship of oil to development. The course also reviews the relationship between the Arab world and the West.
Pre Requisite:

HIST312 - ARAB & ISLAMIC CIVIL. IN THE MIDDLE AGES - 3 credits

An examination of the history of Arab and Islamic civilizations from the seventh century until the sixteenth century. This course will look into why these civilizations developed during the Umayyad, Abbasid, Fatimid, Ayyubid and Mamluk states. HIST 312, highlights state institutions and the reflection of this development on Arab and Islamic culture and society in general. It will also address the reasons for the collapse and the deterioration of Arab and Islamic civilization in these periods.
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HIST400 - MODERN & CONTEMPORARY WORLD HISTORY - 3 credits

A course covering the epochal events and historic transformations in the world, ranging from the time of the Renaissance to Globalization. It will highlight the Reformation, the Industrial Revolution, the European Enlightenment, the French Revolution, the emergence of the modern nation-state, colonialism, as well as the history of the twentieth century, especially World Wars I and II and the Cold War. The course will also focus on the study of economic, social and political structures of the countries of Asia, Africa and the Americas, and their national liberation movements.
Pre Requisite:

HIST413 - THE ARAB UNDER THE OTTOMONS - 3 credits

A course on the Political, Social and economic history of the Arabs under the Ottoman Empire from the beginning of the sixteenth century until the early twentieth. Students will be introduced to the events that accompanied the emergence, prosperity, expansion and collapse of the Ottoman Empire and its repercussions on the Arab world. An overview of the different writing in this field, the primary Ottoman-era documents will be encouraged.
Pre Requisite:

HIST414 - CONTEMPORARY HISTORY OF THE ARAB WORLD - 3 credits

A review of the Arab world from the First World War up to the present, beginning with the collapse of the Ottoman Empire and the division of the region by the colonial powers, revolutions and to the Arab liberation movements leading to independence. Students will be introduced to the nature of the Arab political systems after independence, political parties that have emerged and the conflicts that have taken place among them. Economic and social transformations are emphasized highly in this course by reviewing and evaluating Arab development projects and studying interplay between the discovery of oil, national development and international economics. The course will also examine the relationship between the Arab world and the West and the emergence of various forms of hegemony.
Pre Requisite:

HUMR300 - DEMOCRACY & HUMAN RIGHTS - 3 credits

This course is designed to introduce students to the three interconnected subjects of: democracy, human rights and international humanitarian law. It deals with contemporary scholarship on democracy, its variations, and the main concepts, ideas of democracy as well as its implementation. In addition, the course will focus on the Palestinian and Arab contexts and problems in transitioning to democracy. The second part will deal with the meaning of human rights and its historic antecedents as well as themes in international human rights law. The Universal Declaration of Human Rights; the rights of women, children, and refugees will also be discussed. Finally, the course will focus on international humanitarian law emphasizing the Geneva Conventions of 1949.
Pre Requisite:

ITAL101 - ELEMENTARY ITALIAN I - 3 credits

The course aims to introduce the students to the Italian language through a communicative approach. Students will learn how to interact in everyday simple situations. Special attention will be given to the oral (comprehension and production), but all the four language skills (reading, writing, listening and speaking) will be developed.
Pre Requisite:

MUSI101 - MUSIC THEORY I - 3 credits

These are integrated courses in the melodic, harmonic, rhythmic and structural elements of music, accenting the aural sense and developing the ability to visualize, sing, and write from dictation. Flute is taught in MUSI 101 and piano in MUSI 102.
Pre Requisite:

MUSI102 - MUSIC THEORY II - 3 credits

Integrated courses in the melodic, harmonic, rhythmic and structural elements of music, emphasizing the aural sense while developing the ability to visualize, sing, and write from dictation.
Pre Requisite:

MUSI103 - MUSIC APPRECIATION - 2 credits

This course includes a discussion of the musical materials from the listener's point of view. Emphasis is on the styles and composers of various periods from the relatively familiar Romantic music of the nineteenth century to the less familiar eighteenth century styles including classical, medieval, Renaissance and Baroque music.
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MUSI108 - CHORAL - 1 credit

Practical courses in choral music which include Arabic vocal music and songs from other regions
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PHIL104 - MEDICAL ETHICS - 2 credits

This course is required for Nursing and Occupational Therapy students Medical ethics is a specialization within general ethics, which is, in turn, a field in philosophy. The course includes some of the most important ethical quandaries facing those who are in the medical and other health professions such as, abortion, euthanasia, cloning, genetic engineering, and the right to receive medical care, etc. Ethical theories will be taught in order for the students to be more aware of their ethical responsibilities. This course aims to increase students' abilities to confront difficult real life ethical issues
Pre Requisite:

PHIL302 - INTRODUCTION TO PHILOSOPHY - 3 credits

This course will inquire into the historical progress of philosophical sciences. It will discuss ancient Greek mythology, and philosophical development in the Middle Ages, Modernity, the Renaissance, and the contemporary era. We will also look at the vital relationship between faith and reason. Our goal is to improve the students' mental and critical capacities. This includes their ability to understand and analyze texts, articles, etc within its historical settings. Finally, this course could help the students to grow in self-knowledge and understanding and their awareness of the world they live in.
Pre Requisite:

PHIL303 - ETHICS OF LIFE - 3 credits

The study of general ethics or essential ethical values is this course's focus. Students will discuss the ethical use of technology, advanced scientific research, and questions related to medical ethics. They will be prepared to discuss significant present-day ethical issues such as abortion, euthanasia, cloning and genetic engineering. The course will inquire about abuse and violation of the human body, and will discuss women's rights, feminism, forms of violence, and the ethics of social media and communications.
Pre Requisite:

PHIL350 - COMPUTER ETHICS - 3 credits

This course is intended to give students a chance to reflect on the humanitarian, social, and professional impact of computer technology by focusing on ethical issues faced by computing professionals, including those related to networking and the internet, intellectual property, privacy, security, reliability, and liability. The course also focuses on issues raised by the possible emergence in the future of highly intelligent machines.
Pre Requisite:

POLS222 - POLITICAL THOUGHT - 3 credits

This course examines major texts in the history of political thought and the questions they raise about the design of the political and social order. It considers the ways in which thinkers have responded to the particular political problems of their day, and the ways in which they contribute to a broader conversation about human goods and needs, justice, democracy, and the proper relationship of the individual to the state. This course will examine the political thought of the ancient and medieval worlds, focusing on the Greek, Roman and early Christian and Islamic periods. This course will also surveys the development of political concepts in modern Western thought. This covers the political context and the intellectual context of the European Enlightenment which contributed of capitalist theory and Marxism. Common themes seen in contemporary political thought include governance, property ownership and redistribution, free enterprise, individual liberty, justice, and responsibility for the common welfare will be explored. The purpose of this course will be to provide students with an overview of the evolution of the theories that contributed to the nature of modern politics.
Pre Requisite:

POLS223 - THE PALESTINIAN POLITICAL SYSTEM - 3 credits

This course provides a substantive overview of the evolution of the Palestinian political system. we will consider the core concepts and theoretical underpinnings of the Palestinian system of government, through understanding the nature of the PLO and its role, focusing on the establishment of the Palestinian National Authority after the 1993 Oslo Agreement and the nature of the authorities and their decision-making powers and mechanisms such as the executive branch, the Legislative Council and finally the judiciary. The student will explore in details the Palestinian Basic Law on Freedom, Equality and Justice and the the democratic transformation and political reform in the Palestinian political system. The course focuses on the study of political parties and the Palestinian public opinion in addition to the voting and election systems and amendments in the Basic Law
Pre Requisite:

POLS300 - INTRODUCTION TO POLITICAL SCIENCE - 3 credits

This course reviews definitions of Political Science and its relation to other sciences. Political theories will be also studied in order to understand and analyze political phenomena. It will look at old, modern, and contemporary Western political thought, without ignoring Arab and Islamic political thought, and key political movements in the Arab world. The emergence and development of the state and different systems of governance and its relationship to the individual and society will be stressed. The course concludes by defining principal theories of international relations and international institutions
Pre Requisite:

POLS312 - COMPARATIVE POLICY THEORY - 3 credits

This is an introductory course to the comparative study of politics. We shall cover the basic concepts and issues of comparative politics. The discussion of the political institutions and processes will be integrated into the comparison of different political systems in the contemporary world. The course focuses on three types of polities: industrialized democracies, and post communist regimes, and the third world. Through this course students are expected to develop a familiarity with the politics of major countries in the world, such as Federal Republic of Germany the United States, Britain, France, Australia and others to understand important topics in the comparative study of politics, and to be able to analyze some of the current political development in different countries. It will do so through an examination of the reasons for why some modern nation states provide better living conditions for their citizens. Are these differences due to factors such as political institutions, legislative arrangements, parties and party systems, or social forces such as culture and ethnicity?
Pre Requisite:

POLS313 - POLITICAL SYSTEMS IN THE THIRD WORLD - 3 credits

This course examines various aspects of third world political systems also known as the developing world. The study of political systems in the Third World countries (regimes in South East Asia and Latin America, such as Brazil and Argentina) with a special focus on the Middle East (Arab / Turkey / Iran / Israel) . This course aims to help students to identify and critically analyze the major issues and challenges facing the developing nations.
Pre Requisite:

POLS322 - PRINCIPLES OF INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS - 3 credits

The purpose of this course is to provide you with a basic understanding of foreign affairs and introduce you to the fundamental principles of international relations within the political science framework. The course includes rules and theories of international political relations and their historical development, with a focus on the period after the First World War, the nature of the international system, its parties, and the factors determining the state's strength in the international system. And the rules of international law that regulates and determines the nature of the relations prevailing between the international systems, especially between international political relations. The course also includes the understanding of international law, such as the state and its analysis, international organizations and multinational companies, the legal rules governing the relations of these acts with each other. The course will introduce students to the frameworks of international organizations that play crucial roles in making them work or that work within them. The course looks in-depth into the United Nations (UN) system and it will expose students to the fundamental knowledge concerning the UN.
Pre Requisite:

POLS412 - PUBLIC POLICY - 3 credits

This course provides the study of the public policy in general, in a view to provide an understanding of the shaping of policy decisions and their impacts (the policy cycle ap'proach) on the development of the country. It will provide information about solutions to practical problems and to then feed this information into the policy process (scientific approach); and to understand the interests and values involved in policy and planning processes (associated with the social approach. It is designed to familiarize the student with the problem solving activities of government in such areas as poverty, unemployment, Taxation, education, health care, and technology. This will introduce the students with the Palestinian public policy to some of the most current and salient policy debates in the the Palestinian territories and the effect of foreign aid on this policy. It will give students the tools and knowledge necessary to critically evaluate public policy issues in Palestine.
Pre Requisite:

POLS421 - DIPLOMACY - 3 credits

To provide students with an understanding of the major theories in diplomacy & international relations and to equip students with practical skills and help them become outstanding members of the diplomatic and international relations community. The aim is to provide students with basic knowledge about the two dominant patterns of behavior in international relations: conflict and cooperation. The course focuses on the role of diplomacy in Palestine it will identify and describe the different stages of negotiations, in the Palestinian Israeli conflict the objectives for each stage, and techniques for securing recognition of a Palestinian State. Students will be providing examples from diplomatic practice. Through visiting the Palestinian Ministry of Foreign Affairs and the Department of Negotiations in order to gain the theoretical knowledge gained in the course by practical field knowledge and develops their expertise in diplomatic work.
Pre Requisite:

POLS422 - ARAB POLITICAL SYSTEMS - 3 credits

This course will focus on the study of the Arab political systems. Despite their great diversity, many nations of the Arab world share a number of common characteristics, such as poverty, legacies of colonialism, external vulnerability and dependency, internal political and social instability, challenges of state-building, state failure, ethnic conflict, human rights abuses, and so forth. The course will also give an idea about the political culture of these countries and its relation with the government. The transition from authoritarian to democratic rule (democratization) and the process of institutionalizing newly democratic regimes (democratic consolidation) in the Arab World in the post-revolution will be carefully examined. The Political institutions of these countries in terms of legislative, Executives and Judiciaries and their relation will be looked at with a focus on Egypt, Iraq, Saudi Arabia Morocco and Tunisia.
Pre Requisite:

SPAN101 - ELEMENTARY SPANISH I - 3 credits

This basic course in Spanish for beginners introduces the fundamental structures of the language and emphasizes vocabulary building through conversational techniques. Comprehension and oral ability are developed through audio-visual aids.
Pre Requisite:

SPAN102 - ELEMENTARY SPANISH II - 3 credits

This course provides students with a working knowledge of the basic grammatical structures of the Spanish language. Continued emphasis is placed on vocabulary building and correct use of grammar through written exercises and drills. Aural comprehension and oral ability are developed through audio-visual aids.
Pre Requisite:

SPAN103 - INTERMEDIATE SPANISH I - 3 credits

This course incorporates more advanced studies in the Spanish language. Emphasis is placed on a continuation of exercises to perfect the grasp of grammatical structures. Readings for this course are texts selected from Spanish literature.
Pre Requisite:

SPAN104 - INTERMEDIATE SPANISH II - 3 credits

This course continues the advanced work begun in SPAN 103. Students are expected to be conversant with all tenses and structures in Spanish. More advanced work is undertaken in the areas of writing, speaking and reading.
Pre Requisite:

SPAN201 - ADVANCED SPANISH I - 3 credits

In the advanced course students are expected to improve self capability of learning the language, using the skills provided in the previous courses. Readings of literary texts, compositions according to level and oral expositions in class are used in this course.
Pre Requisite:

SPAN202 - ADVANCED SPANISH II - 3 credits

The course continues the advanced work of SPAN 201 on a higher level. Readings, compositions and oral expositions are integral to this course. Cultural activities are integrated into the course during the semester.
Pre Requisite:

THEA301 - THEATER FOR SPECIAL PURPOSES - 3 credits

This introductory course offers rich theatrical experiences to the needs of a specific discipline, such as Occupational Therapy.
Pre Requisite:

Bethlehem University Foundation
Email: dc@bethlehem.edu
Phone: +1-202-526-6097
Fax: +1-202-526-6096
Washington, DC USA
Bethlehem University in the Holy Land
E-mail: info@bethlehem.edu
Phone: +972-2-274-1241
Fax: +972-2-274-4440
Bethlehem, Palestine